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History Solution–2020

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Group A

1.Multiple choice question.
1.1World Environment Day is observed on—
(a) 8th January
(b) 24th February
(c) 8th March
(d) 5th June (Ans)

1.2 Indians learnt about the use of the potato from–
(a) the Portuguese (Ans)
(b) the English
(c) the Mughals
(d) the Dutch

1.3 The first official education Commission (Hunter Commission) was formed in—
(a) 1872 A.D.
(b) 1878 A.D.
(c) 1882 A.D. (Ans)
(d) 1890 A.D.

1.4 Debendranath Tagore joined the Brahmo Samaj in –
(a) 1830 A.D.
(b) 1833 A.D.
(c) 1843 A.D. (Ans)
(d) 1850 A.D.

1.5 The Renaissance in Bengal was —
(a) tribal communities
(b) intuition centred
(c) Calcutta based
(d) village-based

1.6 The beneficiaries of the Second Forest Law (1878) were—
(a) tribal communities
(b) the British Government
(c) the merchant classes
(d) both the British government and the tribal communities (Ans)

1.7 The word `hool` denoted —
(a) God
(b) Freedom
(c) Weapons
(d) Revolt (Ans)

1.8 The main objective of the Queen`s Proclamation (1858) was—
(a) to gain the obedience of the Indian people
(b) to give the British the right of monopoly of trade in India (Ans)
(c) to grants the rights of self-determination to the Indian subjects
(d) to release the Indian prisoners of the Great Revolt of 1857

1.9 The president of the Landholders Society was —
(a) Raja Radhakanta Deb
(b) Prasanna Kumar Tagore (Ans)
(c) Raja Rammohan Roy
(d) Dwaraka Nath Tagore

1.10 The Secretary of the Hindu Mela was —
(a) Nabagopal Mitra
(b) Ganendranath Tagore (Ans)
(c) Rajnarain Bose
(d) Gaganendranath Tagore

1.11 The year in which the first Bengali book was printed was —
(a) 1556 A.D.
(b) 1778 A.D. (Ans)
(c) 1785 A.D.
(d) 1800 A.D.

1.12 The first Principle of Bengal Technical Institute was —
(a) Aurobindo Ghosh (Ans)
(b) Satish Chandra Bose
(c) Jogesh Chandra Bose
(d) Pramatha Nath Bose

1.13 The person known as `Deshapran` was —
(a) Satish Chandera coast
(b) Aswini Kumar Dutta
(c) Birendra Nath Sasmal (Ans)
(d) Jatindra Mohan Sengupta

1.14 The Moplah Revolt (1921) took place in —
(a)the Malabar coast (Ans)
(b) the Konkan coasts
(c) the Godavari basin
(d) the Telangana region

1.15 The Meerut Conspiracy Case (1929) was instituted against—
(a) the Indian National Congress
(b) the revolutionaries (Ans)
(c) trade union leaders
(d) peasant leaders

1.16 The Satyagraha Samati was founded during
(a) the Anti Partition Movement in Bengal
(b) the Non-Cooperation Movement (Ans)
(c) the Civil Disobedience Movement
(d) the Quit India Movement

1.17 The person known as Master da was—
(a) Beni Madhav Das
(b) Surya Sen (Ans)
(c) Krishna Kumar Mitra
(d) Hem Chandra Ghosh

1.18 The Self-Respect Movement in Madras was started by—
(a) Ramaswani Naicker (Ans)
(b) Narayan Guru
(c) Bhim Rao Ambedkar
(d) Gandhiji

1.19 The largest Princely State in India on the eve of Independence was—
(a) Kashmir
(b) Junagarh
(c) Hyderabad (Ans)
(d) Jaipur

1.20 The reorganized state of Kerala was situated in —
(a) the Godavari basin
(b) Southern Orissa
(c) the Kathiawad peninsula
(d) the Malabar coasts (Ans)

Group B

2. Answer the following questions (attempt ne question from each sub group in all answer 16 questions):

Sub group: 2.1

Answer each of the following questions in one sentence:
(2.1.1) What is the name of the autobiography of Bipin Chandra Pal?
Ans: The name of the autobiography of Bipin Chandra Pal is Sattar Batsar.
(2.1.2) Who was the first Indian Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University?
Ans: Gurudas Banerjee was the first Indian Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University.
(2.1.3) In which year was the Indigo Commission formed?
Ans: In March 1860 was the Indigo Commission formed.
(2.1.4) Who wrote Barna Parichay?
Ans: Ishwar chandra Vidyasagar wrote Barna Parichay.

Sub Group: 2.2

Identify which of the following is true or false:
(2.2.1) The book `Nadiya Kahini` belongs to Urban History. False
(2.2.2) Baba Ram Chandra was a leader of Brahmo Samaj. False
2.2.3) Subhas Chandra Bose founded the Forward Bloc. True
(2.2.4) `Lakshmir Bhandar` was founded by Basanti Devi. False

Sub Group: 2.3

Match Column A with Column B:

Column AColumn B
2.3.1) Thomas Babington MacaulayWestern Education
2.3.2) Keshab Chandra SenNababidhan
2.3.3) Raja Radhakant DebLandholders Society
2.3.4) Swami VivekanandaBartaman Bharat

Sub Group: 2.4

On the given outline Map of India, locate and label the following places:
(2.4.1) A centre of the Wahabi movement in Bengal – Barasat.
(2.4.2) A centre of the Indigo Revolt – Jessore-Nadia.
(2.4.3) One of the centres of the Great Revolt (1857) – Meerut.
(2.4.4) The reorganised state (1960) of Maharashtra.

Sub Group: 2.5

Select the correct in interpretation of the following statements:
(2.5.1) Statement : Halhead wrote his Bengali Grammar to tech the Bengali language to the British officials.
Interpretation 1: As the British officials in India liked Bengali language and literature
Interpretation 2: As knowledge of Bengali language was essential for their promotion.
Interpretation 3: As it was essential for the British officials to know the Bengali language in order to carry out commerce and administration in this country.

(2.5.2) Statement: The Bardauli Satyagraha was instituted in 1928 A.D.
Interpretation 1: It was a movement of the poor landless agricultural labourers against the exploitation of rich landed peasantry. 
Interpretation 2: It was a movement against the increased revenue demand of the Government by the rich landed peasantry.
Interpretation 3: It was a joint movement of both the rich landed Peasantry and the landless agriculture labourers Against the revenue hike by the Government.

(2.5.3) Statement: Bhogeshwari Phukonani was killed in police firing During the Quite India movement (1942).
Interpretation 1: Bhogeshwari Phukonani was killed in an armed Encounter with the police.
Interpretation 2: The fugitive Bhogeshwari Phukonani was shot Dead by the police when she refuses to surrender.
Interpretation 3: Bhogeshwari Phukonani was shot dead by the police while trying to hoist the national flag at the police station in Nowgong District of Assam.

(2.5.4) Statement: Gandhiji began a fast unto death in protest against the provision of separate electorate for the Depressed
Classes granted in the communal Award (1932).
Interpretation 1: Gandhiji was opposed to the electoral rights of the Depressed Classes.
Interpretation 2: Gandhiji began his fast to oppose the attempt to create a division within the Hindu Community
Interpretation 3: Gandhiji began his fast of protest at the direction of the Indian National Congress.


3. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences (any eleven):
3.1 What are the limitations of government documents as sources of modern Indian history?
Ans: Government documents are the primary sources and constitute important documents and reports published by the Indian government at the central and state level. It was the British who introduced modern system of administration in India.

3.2 What is meant by Autobiography and Memoir?
Ans: Memoir :- It is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events of his or her life.
Autobiography :- It tells the story of a life.

3.3 What was the principal objective of the Christian missionaries in introducing Western education in India?
Ans: The principal objective of the Christian Missionaries in introducing western education in India was to teach the Indians.

3.4 What is meant by ‘Nababidhan’?

3.5 What was the significance of the Chuar Revolt (1798-1799)?
Ans: The significance of the Chuar rebellion was that the British government stopped the take-over of the paikan land. Some concessions were made to zamindars who failed to pay the revenue demand within stipulated period.

3.6 Was the Farazi Rebellion simply a religious movement?
Ans: Under the leadership of Shariatullah the Ferazi movement remains a religious reform. Later on, under his son, Dudumiyam, the movement assumed the character of peasant revolt.

3.7 With what objective was the Landholders’ Society founded?
Ans: The objective behind the foundation of landholders society was to promote the general interest of landholders

3.8 What was the contribution of the novel ‘Anandamath’ to the rise of national awakening in the 19th century?
Ans: The song Bande Mataram in Anandamath gave impetus to various patriotic and national activities. The song combines patriotism with religious fervour. From this song the the novel Anandamath played a crucial role in the national awareness.

3.9 What was the impact of the development of the printing press on the cultural life of Bengal?
Ans: The printing press helped the spread of education in Bengal. The middle class of the towns who were being educated neededbto help of study materials. Printing press fulfilled their demand.

3.10 Why was the colonial system of education defective?
Ans: Under the colonial system, education was delinked to child’s living world. It did not touch the core of his life. This is why the colonial system of education defective.

3.11 What were the causes of the Moplah Revolt (1921)?

3.12 With what objective was the Congress Society party founded?
Ans: Congress Socialist  Party was founded in 1934. It main objective was the abolition of the zamindari system, recognition of occupancy rights of tenants, to freeze the debt of peasants.

3.13 Why did the women of Bengal observe Arandhan (non-cooking) on 16th October 1905?

3.14 Why is Nanibala Devi remembered?

3.15 Why is sardar Patel Called “The Iron Man of India”?
Ans: Sardar patel is called the ‘The Iron Man of India’ because he, with his great skill and diplomacy successfully completed the accession of the princely states with the Indian territory.

3.16 Under what circumstances was the state Reorganisation Commission (1953) constituted?
Ans: The State Reorganisation Commission was constituted under the following circumstances :-
i. First was to reorganize the states on the basis of languages of India.
ii. Second was, the states to be organized on the basis of geographical contiguity.

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