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Geography Question Paper 2020

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Group A

1. Write the correct answer from the given alternatives:
1.1 The process by which, soil and rock layers move down along the slope of highlands by gravity is called:
(a) Weathering
(b) Gradation process
(c) Endogenic processes
(d) mass wasting process

1.2 In pediplain, low laying heals of hard rocks remain as residual landform is called:
(a) Yardang
(b) Zeugen
(c) sand dunes
(d) Inselberg

1.3 “Horse latitude” is located at;
(a) equatorial low-pressure belt
(b) sub-tropical high-pressure belt
(c) sub-polar low-pressure belt
(d) polar high-pressure belt

1.4 Diurnal range of temperature is maximum in:
(a) equatorial climatic region
(b) hot desert climatic region
(c) tropical monsoon climatic region
(d) Mediterranean climatic region

1.5 The formation of ocean current depends on:
(a) prevailing winds
(b) earth revolution
(c) sand banks
(d) all of them are applicable

1.6 The time difference between high and low tides at a place is nearly:
(a) more than two hours
(b) more than six hours
(c) more than four hours
(d) more than eight hours

1.7 Carbon particles emitted by vehicles are controlled by use of;
(a) cyclone separators
(b) electrostatic precipitator
(c) scrubber
(d) coated alumina

1.8 Parallel of latitude, passing through the middle of India is;
(a) equator
(b) tropic of Capricorn
(c) prime meridian
(d) tropic of cancer

1.9 the lake located, in between the deltas of Godavari and Krishna rivers is:
(a) Kolleru
(b) Pulicat
(c) Chilka
(d) Vembanad

1.10 The most extensive method of irrigation, practiced in India is:
(a) wells & tube wells
(b) tanks
(c) canals
(d) sprinkler

1.11 Western disturbances occur in India during:
(a) Summer season
(b) Autumn season
(c) Rainy season
(d) Winter season

1.12 Salty sea breeze is needed for;
(a) Sugar cultivation
(b) Tea cultivation
(c) Jute cultivation
(d) Coffee cultivation

1.13 Petro-chemical industrial centre of west Bengal is located at;
(a) Junput
(b) Kolkata
(c) Sankarpur
(d) Haldia

1.14 The colour used for drawing of contour lines in topographical map is:
(a) brown
(b) black
(c) red
(d) blue


2.1 If the statement is true, write ‘T’ and if false, write ‘F’ against the following (answer any six): –
2.1.1 The confluence of Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers is at Devprayag.
2.1.2 Mistral is a warm local wind which blows over Rhone valley in France.
2.1.3 Floods occur in India in the years El-nino.
2.1.4 The position of sun, moon and Earth along a straight line is known as syzygy.
2.1.5 Papers may be manufactured by recycling newspapers as a raw material.
2.1.6 The soil composed of pebbles, sands and silts, found along the foot hills of Shivalik is called Bet.
2.1.7 For analysis of satellite imageries, use of computer is mandatory.

2.2 Fill in the blanks with suitable words (answer any six):
2.2.1 The process of modifying landforms by combined action of erosion and weathering is called____.
2.2.2 Oases are formed by___ action of wind.
2.2.3 With the increase of air pressure gradient, wind velocity____.
2.2.4 The cold ocean water from polar region flows as __ current towards equator.
2.2.5 The longest national highway of India is N.H___.
2.2.6 Indian Space Research Centre is situated at ___.
2.2.7 In short, electronic waste is known as ___ waste.

2.3 Answer in one or two words (answer any six): –
2.3.1 Name the largest valley glacier of the world.
2.3.2 Where in the atmosphere over the earth surface ozone hole was first discovered?
2.3.3 Name the southern most mountain pass of western ghats.
2.3.4 What is the local name of the Lagoons in Kerala coast?
2.3.5 Name the highest waterfall of India.
2.3.6 In which city of India underground rail first started its journey?
2.3.7 Which is the most populous state of India?
2.3.8 In what form the satellite imagery is produced?

2.4 Match the left column with the right column:

Left Column           Right Column

Left ColumnRight Column
2.4.1) Ratna       a) Pine
2.4.2) Coniferous Forest b) Murmagaon
2.4.3) Railway coach  c) High yield manufacturing center variety rice seed
2.4.4) Iron ore exporting   d) Perambur port


3. Answer the following in brief (alternative should be noted): –
3.1 What is plunge pool?
Or, Define Loess.
3.2 What is relative humidity?
Or, What do you mean by perigean tide?
3.3 What is landfill in waste management?
Or, Define municipal wastes.
3.4 Mention two characteristic features of desert vegetation in India.
Or, What do you mean by “Dun”?
3.5 Define ancillary industry.
Or, Name the two terminal centers of longest inland water ways in India.
3.6 What do you mean by senor?
Or, State two usage of topographical maps.


4. Give brief explanatory answer (alternative should be noted): –
4.1 Discuss in brief about three processes of river transformational activity.
Or, Mention the relationship between Jet stream and Indian monsoon system.
4.2 Classify wastes according to nature along with examples.
Or, State three necessities of waste management.
4.3 Discuss three advantages of roadways and railways in India.
Or, State the merits of agriculture revolution as experienced in the States of Punjab and Haryana.
4.4 Give an account of different types of scales in tabular form as used in “topographical maps”.
Or, Distinguish between geostationary and sun-synchronous satellites.


5.1 Answer any two question from the following: –
5.1.1 Describe with sketches three landforms carved out by glacial erosion.
5.1.2 Give an account of atmospheric layers of troposphere and stratosphere.
5.1.3 Mention the location of Mediterranean climatic region and discuss its major climatic characteristics.
5.1.4 Discuss the influence of ocean currents on global planet.
5.2 Answer any two question from the following: –
5.2.1 Explain the major factors controlling the climate of India.
5.2.2 Give an account of favorable physical conditions required for cultivation of pea in India.
5.2.3 Explain why cotton textile industry is extensively developed in western India.
5.2.4 Discuss the major problems of urbanization in India.


6.Locate the following with appropriate symbols and names on the given outline map of India.
6.1 Aravalli Mountain
6.2 River Narmada
6.3 Highest rainfall receiving center in north-east India
6.4 Forest Research Institute of India
6.5 A region of saline soil in eastern India
6.6 A coffee producing region
6.7 Rurh of India
6.8 India’s largest IT industrial center
6.9 A natural port of Western India
6.10 Largest mega-city of Northern India

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