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Geography Question Paper 2019

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Group – A

1. Write the correct answer from the given alternatives:
1.1 The process by which the height of the earth surface increases is:
(a) Aggradation
(b) degradation
(c) weathering
(d) Denudation

1.2 Deep cracks on the surface of the mountain glacier are called:
(a) Nunatak
(b) Crevasse
(c) Arete
(d) Cirque

1.3 Annual range of temperature remains minimum in:
(a) Equatorial climatic region
(b) Monsoon climatic region
(c) Mediterranean climatic region
(d) Steppe climatic region

1.4 Cold local wind that blows in the Rhone valley of France is called:
(a) Chinook
(b) Sirocco
(c) Mistral
(d) Bora

1.5 The place, where warm and cold ocean currents converge, is called:
(a) Cold wall
(b) Iceberg
(c) Avalanches
(d) Sargassum

1.6 When the distance between the earth and the moon is farthest, it is called:
(a) Syzygy
(b) Perigee
(c) Apogee
(d) Aphelion

1.7 In human body contaminated water, may cause:
(a) Diarrhoea
(b) Asthma
(c) Lung cancer
(d) Blindness

1.8 The main basis of stage reorganisation in India is:
(a) Language
(b) Physiographic similarities
(c) Similarities in food habits
(d) Similarities in economic activities

1.9 The source of river Ganga is:
(a) Yamunotri Glacier
(b) Zemu Glacier
(c) Siachen Glacier
(d) Gangotri Glacier

1.10 In India the largest multipurpose river valley project:
(a) Bhakra – Nangal
(b) Damodar
(c) Rihand
(d) Hirakund

1.11 The state, which ranks first in the production of rice per hectare is:
(a) West Bengal
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Punjab
(d) Andhra Pradesh

1.12 The required raw material of iron and steel industry includes:
(a) Iron ore
(b) Coal
(c) Manganese
(d) All of them

1.13 According to 2011 census, the number of the metropolis in India is:
(a) 55
(b) 53
(c) 51
(d) 49

1.14 The latitudinal and longitudinal extension of million sheet topographical map is:
(a) 15’ × 15’
(b) 30’ × 30’
(c) 1° × 1°
(d) 4° × 4°

Group – B

2.1 If the statement is true write “T’ and if false, write ‘F’ against the following (Answer any six statements):
2.1.1 Altitude of snowline varies with latitudes.
2.1.2 Wind velocity is measured with the help of Anemometer.
2.1.3 Salinity of sea water is maximum in Equatorial region.
2.1.4 The highest plateau of India is Deccan Trap.
2.1.5 The old alluvial soil of Ganga plain is called Bhangar.
2.1.6 Vishakhapattanam is the only tax – free port of India.
2.1.7 Red coloured lines are used to show roads in satellite images.

2.2 Fill in the blanks with suitable words (answer any six):
2.2.1 Hole formed by abrasion on river bed are called __.
2.2.2 __ is formed by mixing of dust and fog during winter inindustrial region.
2.2.3 __ current causes snowfall in New Foundland.
2.2.4 Waste paper is a ___ type of wastes.
2.2.5 Tropical easterly Jet Stream forces ___ wind to blow over India.
2.2.6 The southernmost point of mainland India is ___.
2.2.7 ___ is the most populous city of India.

2.3 Answer in one or two words (answer any six): –
2.3.1 Which type of rainfall is found in the Temperate zone?
2.3.2 Which the island of Sundarban was completely submerged due to global warming?
2.3.3 Which type of natural vegetation is found in the desert region of India?
2.3.4 On which quarters of the moon, does Neap tide occur?
2.3.5 In which part of the course, river Ganga is maximum polluted?
2.3.6 Name one Zaid crop of India.
2.3.7 Which state of India leads in “Rain-water Harvesting”?
2.3.8 Where is the headquarter of ‘Survey of India’ located?

2.4 Match the left column with the right column:

Left ColumnRight Column
2.4.1) Prominence of ozone gas1) Gurgaon
2.4.2) Research institute of sugarcane2) Jammu and Kashmir
2.4.3) Largest automobile manufacturing
industrial centre
3) Stratosphere
2.4.4) Karewa4) Lucknow

Group – C

3. Answer the following in brief (Alternatives should be noted):
3.1 What is denudation?
What is “inversion of temperature”?
3.2 What is Inter-tropical convergence zone?
State the definition of ocean current.
3.3 Define waste management.
What do you mean by radioactive waste?
3.4 Where is Malnad region located?
Name two watershed regions of India.
3.5 What do you mean by millet crops?
Name one agro-based and one forest-based industry of India.
3.6 State the definition of satellite imagery.
State the use of Representative Fraction (R.F.).


4. Give brief explanatory answer (Alternatives should be noted):
4.1 State three differences between “Seifdune” and “Barkhan”.
Briefly explain any three factors to identify the Mediterranean climate in Temperature-Rainfall graph.

4.2 Briefly discuss any three effects of wastes on environment.
Briefly discuss the role of students in waste management from any three perspectives.

4.3Mention three differences about characteristics features of tropical evergreen and tropical deciduous vegetation of India.
Explain with examples the influence of raw material the development of industries in India.

Mention the merits and demerits of remote sensing.


5.1 Answer any two questions from the following:
5.1.1 Describe with sketches three major landforms developed by erosional work of rivers.
5.1.2 Explain the factors responsible for the formation of equatorial low-pressure belt and polar high-pressure belts.
5.1.3 Give an account of occurrence of orographic rainfall with suitable example and diagram.
5.1.4 Explain the causes responsible for the development of high tide sand ebb.
5.2 Answer any two questions from the following: –
5.2.1 State the difference between the physical characteristics of North and South Indian rivers.
5.2.2 Give a brief account of alluvial and black soils of India.
5.2.3 State favourable physical conditions required for cultivation of wheat.
5.2.4 Discuss the importance of transportation system in India.


6.Locate the following with appropriate symbol sand names on the given-out line map of India. Attach the map with your answer paper:
6.1Vindhya mountain
6.2 Loktak Lake
6.3 River Mahanadi
6.4 One rain-shadow region
6.5 One mangrove forest region
6.6 One desert soil region
6.7 One sugar cane producing region of north India
6.8 One sugar cane producing region of north India
6.9 Vishakhapattanam port
6.10 A mega city of western coast

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